• Mucous cyst (or ganglion cyst of the DIP joint)

    Mucous cysts (or ganglion cyst) are small nodules containing clear fluid that develop near the last joint of the fingers and the base of the nail. Some are located near the edge of the nail base. These cysts can compress on the germinal matrix (the major nail-forming nailbed) or the nail under the nail fold resulting in nail changes.
  • Psoriatic arthritis

    Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes red, flaky, crusty patches of skin covered with silvery scales. These patches normally appear on your elbows, knees, scalp and lower back, but can appear anywhere on your body.
    Between 5-20% of patients with psoriasis may develop an associated arthritis (inflamed joint). The lining of the joint, called the synovium, becomes inflamed and swollen. With chronic inflammation, the joints become deformed and unstable. The joint surface wears out with further erosion. Apart from the hands, this arthritis can affect joints in the spine, feet, and jaw.
    Psoriatic nail disease occurs in about 50% of patients with psoriasis and is more common in patients who suffer with psoriatic arthritis. Nail psoriasis occasionally occurs in the absence of any skin psoriasis. Characteristic nail changes include pitting (small depressions measuring less than 1 mm in diameter), discolouration (circular areas resembling an oil drop), subungual hyperkeratosis, crumbling of the nail plate, and onycholysis (separation of the nail plate from the nail bed).
  • Finger tip and Nail Bed Injury

  • Nail bed lesion and tumour

  • Infection

  • Glomus tumour

    Glomus tumor is a rare and non-cancerous tumor. The most common site of glomus tumors is subungual (beneath the nail bed) and 75% of them occur in the hand. With this tumour, you will experience cold hypersensitivity (pain when in contact with cold objects or in cold weather), intermittent severe pain and bluish discolouration of the nail. When your nail is pressed, you will experience pain.